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Royal Free Hospital Archives Centre

London Fever Hospital


IDENTITY STATEMENT

Reference code(s): GB 1530 LFH

Held at: Royal Free Hospital Archives Centre

Title: London Fever Hospital

Date(s): 1801-1975

Level of description: Collection (Fonds)

Extent: c20 linear metres.

Name of creator(s): The Institution for the Cure and Prevention of Contagious Fevers
London Fever Hospital
Royal Free Hospital, Liverpool Road Branch

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history:

The London Fever Hospital (LFH) was founded in 1802 at 2 Constitution Row, Gray's Inn Lane, just north of Guilford Street, under the official title of The Institution for the Cure and Prevention of Contagious Fevers. It had 15 beds, and was staffed by three nurses, a medical officer, an apothecary and a porter. Typhus was the main disease treated, but smallpox and scarlet fever were also prominent. The Hospital admitted 550 patients in its first two years, and also cleaned and fumigated their homes. In 1815 the Hospital moved to take over a parochial smallpox hospital on the site of what is now King's Cross station. At that time it had 60 beds, and 60 more were added later. By 1842 the hospital was admitting about 1500 patients a year with typhus and malignant scarlet fever. The fee for treatment was 2 2s, unless the patient had a subscriber's letter, in which case it was free. Admission was restricted to servants and the 'decent poor', paupers were sent to the workhouses and houses of recovery. The wealthier patients were nursed in their own homes. In 1849 the hospital moved once more, to its permanent site, a 200 bed building with over four acres of land in Liverpool Road, Islington. A succession of well known physicians were on the staff, including Sir William Jenner, who was assistant physician from 1855-1861 and the epidemiologist, Charles Murchison was successively assistant physician, physician and consulting physician from 1856-1879.

In the twentieth century, as many of the infectious diseases of the past began to pose less of a threat to public health, the LFH took on more of the work of a general hospital. By 1938 the isolation block was no longer required and was replaced by a private wing, raising the number of beds to 209. During World War Two beds at the LFH were allocated for casualties from hospitals that had been damaged in air raids. The Royal Free Hospital was allocated 100, and the City of London Maternity Hospital was given 30. In 1948 the LFH joined the Royal Free Group and became the Royal Free Hospital, Liverpool Road Branch. It contained 130 beds for general cases, though the wards were actually used for obstetric, gynaecological and pediatric cases, apart from 23 additional beds in the private wing. In order to perpetuate the name of the LFH, the remainder of the hospital's funds, about 10,000 was used to establish the London Fever Hospital Research Fund, used specifically for research into the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. The Liverpool Road site was closed in 1974, but the Royal Free still has a Liverpool Road Division, on the Pond Street site, specialising in women and childrens' services.

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract:

Records of the London Fever Hospital, Islington, latterly the Liverpool Road branch of the Royal Free Hospital, 1801-1975 comprising:

Administrative records, 1801-1948; notably Annual Reports, 1815-1931; Committee Minutes, 1801-1947 (volume for 1815-1818 lost); Sub-Committee minutes, 1835-1847, 1880-1929; Secretary's letter books, 1914-1920 and correspondence files, 1937-1956, register of employees, 1917-1924, 1936-1939; House Director's minutes, 1858-1940; Visitor's Book, 1928-1940.

Financial records, including Capital Dividend Accounts, 1887-1921; records of Monthly expenditure, 1918-1949; salaries, 1932-1944; papers on legacies and bequests to LFH, 1880-1947, including copies of wills in which there were bequests to the Hospital; Subscriptions and Donations Register, 1932-1937 and papers of Development Committee on appeal for funds, 1936-1939

Nursing records, including Trained Nurses Registers, 1920-1945; Register of Probationers, 1920-1939; Register of voluntary and part-time staff, 1939-1945; inventory of linen and bedding, 1881-1907

Patient records including reports of Resident Medical Officer, 1824-1825, 1875-1886, 1928-1934; Patients Admission and Discharge Registers, 1837-1874, 1880-1888, 1896-1911, 1916-1938; Death Registers, 1849-1853, 1864, 1867-1869; Consultant's books, 1921-1938, containing patient notes organised by Consultant, Dr Charles Box, Sir John Broadbent, Dr William Hunter, Dr C Lakin, and Sir William Willcox; Anaesthetic registers, 1955-1975

World War Two records including Air Raid Casualty Records, 1943-1944; Casualty List, 1940; Operating Theatre Record Books (air raid casualties), 1940-1944

Press Cuttings, 1882-1948 (4 vols)

Albums (2 vols) containing blocks and photographs, 1934-1942;

City of London Maternity Hospital: correspondence, accounts, minutes of finance committee and weekly board, including details of proposed 'regionalisation' of London maternity services, 1941-1948.

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement:

Papers are arranged according to originating department.

Conditions governing access:

Researchers wishing to consult the Archives should first contact the Archivist, Royal Free Hospital Archives Centre, 'The Hoo', 17 Lyndhurst Gardens, London NW3 5NU, for an appointment.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Archivist.

Physical characteristics:

Finding aids:

List available in the Archives Search Room.

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information:

Accruals:

Archival history:

The original collection of records was transferred from the hospital in 1974, and an additional selection added in 1987 from the London Metropolitan Archives following the demolition of the Liverpool Road building.

Immediate source of acquisition:

ALLIED MATERIALS

Existence and location of originals:

Existence and location of copies:

Related material:

Additional material can be found at the London Metropolitan Archives.

Publication note:

An Illustrated History of the Royal Free Hospital by Lynne A Amidon, published by the Special Trustees of the Royal Free Hospital, London, 1996, contains material on the other hospitals in the Royal Free Group.

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note:

Archivist's note: Compiled, Jan 2001, revised by Alan Kucia as part of the RSLP AIM 25 Project.

Rules or conventions: General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), 2nd edition, 2001. National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: Created 30 Jan 2001, revised Nov 2001


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Disease control | Health policy | Health
Epidemiology | Health policy | Health
Gynaecology | Medical sciences
Hospital administration | Hospitals | Health services
Hospital finance | Hospitals | Health services
Hospital management | Hospitals | Health services
Medical treatment | Therapy | Medical sciences
Nursing | Medical sciences | Medical sciences
Obstetrics | Medical sciences
Paediatrics | Medical sciences
Paramedical personnel | Medical personnel | Medical profession | Medical sciences
Patients | Health services | Health services
Physicians | Medical personnel | Medical profession | Medical sciences
Scarlet fever | Infectious diseases | Diseases | Pathology
Smallpox | Infectious diseases | Diseases | Pathology
Surgery | Medical sciences
Typhoid | Diseases | Pathology
Medical institutions
Personnel
Social sciences
Social welfare

Personal names
Box | Charles Richard | d 1951 | physician
Broadbent | Sir | John | 1865-1946 | 2nd Baronet | physician
Hunter | William | 1861-1937 | physician
Jenner | Sir | William | 1815-1898 | 1st Baronet | physician
Lakin | Charles Ernest | 1878-1972 | physician
Murchison | Charles | 1830-1879 | physician
Willcox | Sir | William Henry | 1870-1941 | Knight | physician

Corporate names
City of London Maternity Hospital
Institution for the Cure and Prevention of Contagious Fevers
London Fever Hospital
Royal Free Hospital, Liverpool Road Branch

Places
Islington | London | England | UK | Western Europe | Europe