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Royal College of Surgeons of England

PAGET, Sir James (1814-1899)


Reference code(s): GB 0114 MS0026

Held at: Royal College of Surgeons of England

Title: PAGET, Sir James (1814-1899)

Date(s): [1832-1896]

Level of description: Collection (fonds)

Extent: 10 boxes and 1 volume

Name of creator(s): Paget | Sir | James | 1814-1899 | 1st Baronet | surgeon


Administrative/Biographical history:

Born Great Yarmouth, 1814; educated at a private school, Yarmouth; apprenticed to Charles Costerton, surgeon, in Yarmouth, 1830; entered as a student at St Bartholomew's Hospital, 1834; identified the parasite Trichina spiralis whilst studying at the hospital, 1835; clinical clerk to Dr Latham, 1835-1836; member, Royal College of Surgeons, 1836; sub-editor of the Medical Gazette, 1837-1842; Curator of the museum, 1837 and Demonstrator in morbid anatomy, 1839-1943, St Bartholomew's Hospital; Fellow, Royal College of Surgeons of England, 1843; Lecturer on general anatomy and physiology, 1843 and Warden of the College for students, 1843-1851, St Bartholomew's Hospital; prepared a catalogue of the anatomical museum of St Bartholomew's Hospital, 1846; prepared a catalogue of the pathological specimens in the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 1846-1849; Arris and Gale Professor of Anatomy and Surgery, 1847-1852; Assistant Surgeon, 1847-1861, St Bartholomew's Hospital; Fellow, Royal Society, 1851; Surgeon-Extraordinary to Queen Victoria, 1858; member of the Senate, University of London, 1860; lectured in physiology, 1859-1861, Surgeon, 1861-1871 and Lecturer on Surgery, 1865-1869, St Bartholomew's Hospital; member, 1865-1889, Vice-President, 1873, 1874, President, 1875, of the Council, Royal College of Surgeons; Serjeant-Surgeon-Extraordinary to Queen Victoria, 1867-1877; Consulting Surgeon, St Bartholomew's Hospital, 1869; President, Clinical Society, 1869; created Baronet, 1871; President, Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society, 1875; representative of the Royal College of Surgeons at the General Medical Council, 1876-1881; Serjeant-Surgeon to Queen Victoria, 1877; Hunterian Orator, 1877; President, International Congress of Medicine, 1881; Bradshaw Lecturer, 1882; Vice-Chancellor, University of London, 1883-1895; Morton Lecturer, 1887; President, Pathological Society of London, 1887; died, London, 1899.

Publications include: Sketch of the Natural History of Yarmouth and its Neighbourhood, containing catalogues of the species of animals, birds, reptiles, fish, insects, and plants, at present known with Charles J Paget (F Skill, Yarmouth, 1834); Report on the chief results obtained by the use of the Microscope, in the study of human anatomy and physiology (London, 1842); The Motives to Industry in the study of Medicine. An address (London, 1846); Records of Harvey, in extracts from the journals of the Royal Hospital of St Bartholomew William Harvey With notes by J Paget (London, 1846); A Descriptive Catalogue of the Anatomical Museum of St Bartholomews' Hospital [vol 1, 2] (London, 1846-1862); Hand-Book of Physiology By W S Kirkes assisted by J Paget (Taylor, Walton & Maberly; John Murray, London, 1848-); Lectures on the processes of Repair and Reproduction after Injuries (London, 1849); Lectures on Surgical Pathology, delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons of England (2 vol London, 1853); Sinus and Fistula -Ulcers -Tumours (innocent) -Contusions -Wounds (1860); On the importance of the study of Physiology, as a branch of education for all classes (1867); Clinical Lectures and Essays Edited by H Marsh (London, 1875); The Hunterian Oration delivered ... on the 13th of February, 1877 (London, 1877); The Contrast of Temperance with Abstinence [1879]; Theology and Science. An address (Rivingtons, London, 1881); Descriptive catalogue of the Pathological Specimens contained in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons. Supplement Second edition with G F Goodhart and A H G Doran (J & A Churchill, London, 1882); On some rare and new diseases; suggestions for the study of part of the natural history of disease. The Bradshawe Lecture, ... 1882 (London, 1883); The Morton Lecture on Cancer and Cancerous Diseases delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons (Longmans & Co, London, 1887); Studies of old Case-Books (Longmans & Co, London, 1891); Memoirs and Letters of Sir James Paget Edited by Stephen Paget (Longmans & Co, London, 1901); Three Selected Papers. I On the Relation between the Symmetry and Diseases of the Body, 1841. II On Disease of the Mammary Areola preceding Cancer of the Mammary Gland, 1874. III On a Form of Chronic Inflammation of Bones (Osteitis deformans), 1876 (London, New Sydenham Society, 1901); Selected Essays and Addresses Edited by Stephen Paget (Longmans & Co, London, 1902).


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Sir James Paget, [1832-1896], comprising his memoirs; paper relating to 'case of blows inflicted a short time after death'; paper on the collegiate establishment of St Bartholomew's Hospital, c1840-1879; case notes, including notes on post mortem examinations, mainly of medical cases, made whilst demonstrator of morbid anatomy, 1839-1843; note book containing index to cases of tumours, notes on abscess in the abdominal walls, 1856, trichinosis, case of iliac aneurism, lecture notes, 1845, and letters to and from correspondents; paper on the 'advantages on medical societes', read before the Abernethian Society; notes on a branchial fistula with correspondence; notes on shock and reaction; index to letters relating to pathology, with note; translation of Bichat's General Anatomy, 1832;

case notes, 1834-1839 [cases examined by Paget, Vincent, Stanley and others at St Bartholomew's Hospital]; entry book of students in the College of St Bartholomew's Hospital, with biographical annotations by Paget, 1839-1859; report on the results obtained by the microscope in the study of human anatomy and physiology, with Paget's annotations, 1842; report on the progress of human anatomy and physiology in the years 1842-1845, with notes by Paget; notes on his lectures, 1843-1856; lectures on nutrition, hypertrophy and atrophy and processes of repair and reproduction after injuries, from the London Medical Gazette, with notes by Paget, 1847; notes by Richard Owen on Paget's lectures on nutrition, 1847; notes recording experiments and observations, 1847-1850; pocket books entitled 'reference books', for lectures on physiology etc, 1848-1857; pocket books (41) containing entries of engagements, names of patients etc, 1856-1896; notes possibly for clinical lectures, 1862; notes on decay of leaves, 1892; notes and drawings, 1877-1892; notes and papers on osteitis deformans and spondylistis deformans, 1880, 1896; notes and letters on elemental pathology, 1894; notes for a paper on vivisection, 1881; notes relating to clinical lectures and essays, 1882; notes for a paper on coincidences, 1883; notes by Paget on his lectures on the blood delivered at the College of Surgeons in 1848, copied by Horace Chesterton; letters from and to Paget, including from Sir Astley Cooper and Sir Benjamin Brodie, [1867-1881].


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement:

The records are arranged as outlined in the scope and content.

Conditions governing access:

Open to bona fide researchers by written appointment.

Conditions governing reproduction:

At the discretion of the Librarian.

Physical characteristics:

Finding aids:

Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Library of the Royal College of Surgeons of England (1928) by Victor G Plarr.

Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information:


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

The provenance of this collection is unknown


Existence and location of originals:

Existence and location of copies:

Related material:

Correspondence and papers held by the American Philosophical Society Library, Philadelphia, USA; correspondence and papers (6 vols), 1830-1909, nd, (Reference: MSS 5701-06) and correspondence with Sir Edward Sharpey-Schafer (11 items), 1884-1894 (Reference: PP/ESS) held by the Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine; index to references for his medical biographies, c1844, held by the Royal College of Physicians of London (Reference: MS 483); letters to Sir Henry Acland, 1874-1898, held by Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections and Western Manuscripts (Reference: MSS Acland); letters to WE Gladstone, 1871-1894, (Reference: Add MSS 44431-789 passim), correspondence with Florence Nightingale, 1859-1888 (Reference: Add MSS 45797-808 passim) and letters to Sir Richard Owen, 1839-1886 (Reference: Add MS 39954) held by British Library, Manuscript Collections; letters (11) to Thomas Huxley, 1853-1895, held by London University: Imperial College Archives (Reference: B/HUXLEY); letters (29) to Sir Norman Moore, 1873-1896, held privately (see Historic Manuscripts Commission correspondence file - Moore, Dr Norman); letters to Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, 1841-1844, held by University College London (UCL) Manuscripts Room (Reference: SDUK); letters from members of the Royal Family and household, 1868-1909, held by the Royal Archives (Reference: Add X 1).

Publication note:



Archivist's note: Sources: Dictionary of National Biography Supplement, volume III (Smith, Elder and Co, London, 1901); Historical Manuscripts Commission On-line National Register of Archives; British Library Public On-line Catalogue. Compiled by Julie Tancell as part of the RSLP AIM25 project.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: October 2002

Anatomy | Biology
Autopsies | Forensic medicine | Medical sciences
Diseases | Pathology
Drawings | Visual materials
Hospitals | Health services
Human biology | Biology
Medical records | Documents | Information sources
Medical students | Students
Memoirs | Documents | Information sources
Patients | Health services
Surgery | Medical sciences
Medical institutions
Medical research
Primary documents
Social sciences
Social welfare

Personal names
Brodie | Sir | Benjamin Collins | 1783-1862 | 1st Baronet | physiologist and surgeon
Chesterton | Horace | fl 1848 | medical student
Cooper | Sir | Astley Paston | 1768-1841 | 1st Baronet | surgeon
Owen | Sir | Richard | 1804-1892 | Knight | comparative anatomist and palaeontologist
Paget | Sir | James | 1814-1899 | 1st Baronet | surgeon
Stanley | Edward | 1793-1862 | surgeon
Vincent | Zelophead Wyeth | 1755-1840 | surgeon and antiquary

Corporate names
Abernethian Society | St Bartholomew's Hospital
Royal College of Surgeons of England
St Bartholomew's Hospital | London