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STANDARD CHARTERED BANK

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0074 CLC/B/207
Held at: London Metropolitan Archives - click here to see details of the physical location of collection
Full title: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK
Date(s): 1851-1989 (deeds from 1730s)
Level of description: Collection
Extent: 14821 production units.
Name of creator(s): Various.

Context

Administrative/Biographical history:

Standard Chartered Bank was formed in 1969 when the Standard Bank Limited merged with the Chartered Bank. This merger created the Standard Chartered Banking Group Limited; the group consisted of the Standard Bank and the Chartered Bank along with their principal subsidiaries and associated companies.

Immediately following the merger both banks continued to operate separately with each maintaining their own board of directors and a third board being created for the Standard Chartered Banking Group Limited. It was not until 1973 that the General Management of both banks were amalgamated and 1974 when the three boards of directors were all run by the same people. On 1 October 1975 the name of the company was changed to Standard Chartered Bank Limited. In 1983 all banking operations of both Standard Bank and Chartered Bank were brought together into one company, titled, Standard Chartered Bank. In 1985 the parent company was again renamed to Standard Chartered PLC.

Following the 1969 merger the bank retained City of London headquarter premises at 10 Clements Lane (former headquarters of Standard Bank Limited) and at 38 Bishopsgate (former headquarters of Chartered Bank). In 1990 new premises were opened in Aldermanbury Square for all London staff and in 20--, the headquarters were moved to 1 Basinghall Avenue, where the bank remains situated (as at 2014)

CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA AUSTRALIA AND CHINA

The Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China, known from 1956 as The Chartered Bank, was established by Royal Charter in 1853. It was an overseas exchange bank, based in and controlled from the City of London. It was established to take advantage of the end of the East India Company's monopoly in 1853.

STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA

The Standard Bank of British South Africa Limited, known as the Standard Bank of South Africa Limted from 1881, was incorporated on the 18 October 1862 in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Initially operating within British controlled areas, the bank gradually expanded its network to include branches across South, East and Central Africa responding to the economic development and growth of the regions.

Both the Chartered and the Standard Banks acquired shares in and merged with many other banks.

Geographical ranges these covered are as follows:

African Banking Corporation: British South Africa, Nigeria and New York

Bank of British West Africa: Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Cameroon and Canary Islands

Bank of Nigeria: Nigeria and Ivory Coast

Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China: India, China, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Cambodia, Siam [Thailand], Burma [Myanmar], Singapore, Malacca, Penang and the Malay States, the Philippines, Japan, Java, Sumatra, Ceylon [Sri Lanka], North Borneo, Brunei, Sarawak, Pakistan and East Pakistan. There were also branches in New York (United States of America) and Hamburg (Germany). Despite its name, the bank never operated in Australia

Eastern Bank Limited: India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, Singapore, Malaysia, Yemen, Qatar, Iraq, Bahrain, Lebanon, Sharjah, Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Oman

P & O Banking Corporation Limited: India, Sri Lanka, China and Singapore

E D Sassoon Banking Company Limited: London, India and China, Gulf ports, Iraq and Japan

Standard Bank of South Africa: Cape Province, Natal, Orange Free State, Transvaal [South Africa]. After amalgamations; Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Cameroon, Canary Islands and Ivory Coast

Wallace Brothers and Company (Holdings) Limited: India, Burmah [Myanmar], Thailand, Java [Indonesia], Malaysia and East Africa

Content

Scope and content/abstract:

Mainly records of predecessor companies of Standard Chartered Bank, including African Banking Corporation; Bank of British West Africa; Bank of Nigeria; Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China; Eastern Bank Limited; E D Sassoon Banking Company Limited and related companies, London and South African Bank; P & O Banking Corporation Limited; Standard Bank of South Africa Limited and Wallace Brothers and Company (Holdings) Limited (together with Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Limited)

The papers include foundation papers; minutes and agendas (except signed Board and Committee minutes which are retained by the bank); annual reports and accounts; financial and taxation records; papers relating to branches and agencies; agreements; papers relating to shareholders and investments; correspondence (including a large series of letterbooks for Standard Bank of South Africa); statistics; photographs; publicity material; administrative records and original banknotes and cheques.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:
English

System of arrangement:

CLC/B/207-1: AFRICAN BANKING CORPORATION
CLC/B/207-2: BANK OF BRITISH WEST AFRICA
CLC/B/207-3: BANK OF NIGERIA
CLC/B/207-5: EASTERN BANK LIMITED
CLC/B/207-6: EASTERN BANK LIMITED: MUNDHRA LOAN
CLC/B/207-7: LONDON AND SOUTH AFRICAN BANK
CLC/B/207-8: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED
CLC/B/207-9: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: BOMBAY BURMAH TRADING CORPORATION LIMITED
CLC/B/207-10: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: BOMBAY COMPANY LIMITED
CLC/B/207-11: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: F F CHRESTIEN AND COMPANY, MICA PRODUCERS, INDIA
CLC/B/207-12: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: GLAZEBROOK, STEEL AND COMPANY LIMITED
CLC/B/207-13: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: KEROSENE OIL COMPANY LIMITED
CLC/B/207-14: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: LESLIE AND ANDERSON LIMITED
CLC/B/207-15: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: WALLACE AND ADAM LIMITED
CLC/B/207-16: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: WALLACE AND COMPANY BOMBAY
CLC/B/207-17: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: WALLACE EVANS AND COMPANY
CLC/B/207-18: WYER AND HAWKE
CLC/B/207-19: LESLIE AND ANDERSON LIMITED
CLC/B/207-20: WALLACE BROTHERS NOMINEES LIMITED
CLC/B/207-21: WALLACE BROTHERS FINANCE LIMITED
CLC/B/207-22: WALLACE BROTHERS DEVELOPMENTS LIMITED
CLC/B/207-23: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: HERMES SECURITIES LIMITED
CLC/B/207/AR01: ARNHOLD AND COMPANY LIMITED: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/AR02: ARNHOLD AND COMPANY LIMITED: OPERATIONS
CLC/B/207/AR03: ARNHOLD AND COMPANY LIMITED: STAFF AND EMPLOYMENT
CLC/B/207/CH01: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/CH02: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: SHARES
CLC/B/207/CH03: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/CH04: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/CH05: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: OPERATIONS
CLC/B/207/CH06: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: LEGAL
CLC/B/207/CH07: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: BRANCHES AND AGENCIES
CLC/B/207/CH08: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: STAFF AND EMPLOYMENT
CLC/B/207/CH09: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: PREMISES AND PROPERTY
CLC/B/207/CH10: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: HISTORY
CLC/B/207/ED01: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/ED02: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: SHARES
CLC/B/207/ED03: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/ED04: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/ED05: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: OPERATIONS
CLC/B/207/ED06: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: LEGAL
CLC/B/207/ED07: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: STAFF AND RETIREMENT
CLC/B/207/ED08: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: PREMISES AND PROPERTY
CLC/B/207/ED09: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: HISTORY
CLC/B/207/ES01: E D SASSOON AND COMPANY LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/ES02: E D SASSOON AND COMPANY LIMITED: SHARES
CLC/B/207/ES03: E D SASSOON AND COMPANY LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/ES04: E D SASSOON AND COMPANY LIMITED: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/FE01: FAR EASTERN NOMINEES (ENGLAND) LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/FE02: FAR EASTERN NOMINEES (ENGLAND) LIMITED: SHARES
CLC/B/207/FE03: FAR EASTERN NOMINEES (ENGLAND) LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/FE04: FAR EASTERN NOMINEES (ENGLAND) LIMITED: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/GR01: GRINDLAYS AND COMPANY: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/NB01: NATIONAL BANK OF INDIA: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/NB02: NATIONAL BANK OF INDIA: OPERATIONS
CLC/B/207/NBM01: NATIONAL BANK OF MALAWI: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/NCC01: NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL CREDIT CORPORATION: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/PC01: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/PC02: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: SHARES
CLC/B/207/PC03: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/PC04: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/PC05: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: OPERATIONS
CLC/B/207/PC06: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: STAFF AND EMPLOYMENT
CLC/B/207/PC07: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: PREMISES AND PROPERTY
CLC/B/207/SCB01: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/SCB03: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/SCB08: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK LIMITED: MARKETING AND ADVERTISING CLC/B/207/SCB09: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK LIMITED: STAFF AND EMPLOYMENT
CLC/B/207/SCB10: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK LIMITED: PREMISES
CLC/B/207/SCB11: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK LIMITED: HISTORY
CLC/B/207/SCH01: STANDARD CHARTERED OVERSEAS HOLDINGS LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/SG03: STANDARD BANK OF GHANA LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/SL03: STANDARD BANK OF SIERRA LEONE LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION CLC/B/207/SN03: STANDARD BANK OF NIGERIA: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/ST01: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/ST02: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): SHARES
CLC/B/207/ST03: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/ST04: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/ST05: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): OPERATIONS
CLC/B/207/ST06: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): LEGAL
CLC/B/207/ST07: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): NON-HEAD OFFICE BRANCHES AND OFFICES
CLC/B/207/ST08: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): MARKETING AND ADVERTISING
CLC/B/207/ST09: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): STAFF AND EMPLOYMENT
CLC/B/207/ST10: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): PREMISES AND PROPERTY
CLC/B/207/ST11: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): HISTORY
CLC/B/207/STA01: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/STA08: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA LIMITED: STAFF AND EMPLOYMENT
CLC/B/207/STF01: STANDARD BANK FINANCE AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION LIMITED: CORPORATE

Conditions governing access:

These records are available for public inspection, although records containing personal information are subject to access restrictions under the UK Data Protection Act, 1998

48 hours notice required for access

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copyright to this collection rests with the depositor.

Finding aids:

Please see online catalogues at: http://search.lma.gov.uk/opac_lma/index.htm

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

The bank's archives were deposited in the Manuscripts Section of Guildhall Library between 1974 and 2008. The Guildhall Library Manuscripts Section merged with the London Metropolitan Archives in 2009. Further deposits were received between 2011 and 2013 during the course of a major project to catalogue the entire archive of the bank and its predecessors.

Allied Materials

Related material:

Most records of Standard Chartered Bank after 1969 are held by the bank.

Some important records have also been retained. These comprise all board and committee minutes, and records of shareholders.

In addition, not all the records listed in L.S. Pressnell and J. Orbell, "Guide to the historical records of British banking" (1985), or by the Business Archives Council in 1979-80, have been deposited. The whereabouts of these other records are unknown.


Publication note:

For further details of the process of Guildhall Library appraisal and accessioning of the bank's archival material, see Stephen Freeth's article in the Journal of the Society of Archivists; 'Destroying archives: a case study of the records of Standard Chartered Bank' by S G H Freeth (Keeper of Manuscripts, Guildhall Library, London), Journal of the Society of Archivists Volume 12, Number 2, Autumn 1991

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
December 2013

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