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Jenner Letters

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0103 MS MISC 3J
Held at: University College London - click here to see details of the physical location of collection
Full title: Jenner Letters
Date(s): 1861-1895
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent: 1 folder
Name of creator(s): Jenner | Sir | William | 1815-1898 | 1st Baronet | physician


Administrative/Biographical history:

Sir William Jenner: born at Chatham, 1815; studied medicine at University College London; apprenticed to a surgeon in Upper Baker Street, Regent's Park; admitted a licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries and a member of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 1837; commenced general practice at 12 Albany Street, Regent's Park; graduated MD at the University of London, 1844; began a detailed study of the cases of continued fever admitted to the London Fever Hospital, 1847; by clinical and post mortem examination of thirty-six patients, substantiated the suspicion that under the name of continued fever English physicians had confounded two different diseases, typhus and typhoid, and published papers which were instrumental in ensuring that the error could not be maintained; elected a member of the Royal College of Physicians (RCP), 1848; appointed Professor of Pathological Anatomy at University College London and Assistant Physician to University College Hospital, 1849; elected Fellow of the RCP, 1852; Physician to the Hospital for Sick Children in Great Ormond Street, 1852-1862; delivered the Gulstonian lectures, on `Acute Specific Diseases', RCP, 1853; Physician to the London Fever Hospital, 1853-1861; full Physician at University College Hospital, 1854-1876; at University College London, substituted for Dr Edmund Alexander Parkes, Holme Professor of Clinical Medicine, 1855-1856; nominated Physician in charge of the skin department of University College Hospital, 1856; succeeded Parkes as Holme Professor, 1860; appointed physician extraordinary to Queen Victoria, 1861; attended the Prince Consort during the attack of typhoid which caused his death, 1861; physician in ordinary to the Queen, 1862; appointed physician in ordinary to Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (afterwards King Edward VII), 1863; Professor of the principles and practice of medicine, University College London, 1863-1872; elected a fellow of the Royal Society, 1864; councillor, RCP, 1865-1867; President of the Epidemiological Society, 1866-1868; created a baronet, 1868; Honorary DCL, Oxford, 1870; censor, RCP, 1870-1871, 1880; attended the Prince of Wales during an attack of typhoid fever, 1871; KCB, 1872; President of the Pathological Society of London, 1873-1875; President of the Clinical Society, 1875; Harveian orator, RCP, 1876; elected a Consulting Physician at University College London, 1879; Hon LLD, Cambridge, 1880; President, RCP, 1881-1888; Hon LLD, Edinburgh, 1884; GCB (civil), 1889; commander of the order of Leopold of Belgium; retired from practice owing to ill-health, 1890; died at Greenwood, near Bishop's Waltham, Hants, 1898; buried at Durley; having acquired a lucrative practice, he left a large fortune; not only a physician but a friend of Queen Victoria. Publications: papers on typhoid and typhus fevers, published in the Monthly Journal of Medical Science (Edinburgh and London) for 1849, and in the Transactions of the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society, vol xxxiii (1850); On the Identity and Non-identity of Typhoid Fever (London, 1850; translated into French and published in two parts, Brussels, 1852-1853); Diphtheria, its Symptoms and Treatment (London, 1861); Lectures and Essays on Fevers and Diphtheria, 1849-79 (London, 1893); Clinical Lectures and Essays on Rickets, Tuberculosis, Abdominal Tumours, and other Subjects (London, 1895).

Charles John Hare: born, 1818; educated at Caius College Cambridge; graduated MB, 1841; received professional training at University College Hospital and at Paris; MD (Cambridge), 1847; member of the Royal College of Physicians, 1850; appointed Assistant Physician at University College Hospital, 1850; friend of Sir William Jenner; Physician, University College Hospital, 1858; elected Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, 1859; Professor of Clinical Medicine, University College Hospital, 1863; resigned, 1867; Consulting Physician, University College Hospital; senior member of University College Hospital Council; Consulting Physician to several north London dispensaries; examiner in medicine to the University of Cambridge; Honorary Treasurer to the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society; President of the Harveian Society, Medical Society of London, North London Medical Society, and University College Medical Society; President of the Metropolitan Counties Branch of the British Medical Association, 1882-1883; died, 1898; buried at Highgate Cemetery, London. Publications: Too Hasty Generalization a hindrance to the progress of medicine as a science. An introductory address delivered before the North London Medical Society (London, 1855); Good remedies-out of fashion: Address ... delivered at the Annual Meeting of the Metropolitan Counties Branch of the British Medical Association (J & A Churchill, London, 1883).


Scope and content/abstract:

Five letters from Sir William Jenner to Dr Charles John Hare, discussing his appointment (presumably as royal physician), 1861; referring to a charitable donation, 1867; news of his family and house, 1890; on admitting women to the College (University College London), opposing the admission of women to the profession, and family news, 1895; and discussing Hare's lectures and other matters, mentioning the Queen and referring to practical arrangements relating to Jenner's whereabouts (undated). Press cutting, including an obituary of Hare from the British Medical Journal, 1898.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access:


Conditions governing reproduction:

Normal copyright restrictions apply.

Finding aids:

Collection level description.

Archival Information

Archival history:

The letters were obtained by Surgeon Captain H L Cleave from Hare's grandaughter, who wished the letters to go to University College Hospital.

Immediate source of acquisition:

Given to University College London Manuscripts Room by Surgeon Captain H L Cleave in 1995.

Allied Materials

Related material:

University College London Special Collections also holds a letter from W L Begley to William Jenner to accompany a specimen, 1856, and letters from Jenner to Thomas Barlow, 1891, among the Cameron Papers (Ref: MS ADD 253); notes by J Talfourd Jones, student of the Faculty of Medicine at University College London, 1860-1863, including lectures delivered by William Jenner (Ref: MS ADD 261/7); notes by George Oliver on lectures by William Jenner, 1862-1863 (Ref: UCH/MS/UNOF/16); letters from Jenner, 1849-1879, relating to University College Hospital business, including his appointments there, and various letters to Jenner (Ref: COLLEGE CORRESPONDENCE); a letter from Hare, 1845, relating to student views on academic dress, and Hare's letters, 1846-1871, on University College Hospital business, mainly his applications for and appointments to posts (Ref: COLLEGE CORRESPONDENCE).

British Library, Manuscript Collections, holds Jenner's correspondence with W E Gladstone, 1869-1883 (Ref: Add MSS 44419-82 passim). The Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine, London, holds Jenner's letters to Thomas Barlow, 1874-1893 and undated (Ref: PP/BAR); Jenner's correspondence with Thomas Longmore, 1876-1878 (Ref: RAMC 1139/LP 44); Hare's reports, 1841-1842 (Ref: MS 2781). Oxford University, Bodleian Library, Special Collections and Western Manuscripts, holds Jenner's letters to H W Acland, 1868-1886 (Ref: MSS Acland).

National Register of Archives: Click here to view NRA record

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:
Sources: Dictionary of National Biography; Who's Who; obituary of Hare in the British Medical Journal, 24 Dec 1898; National Register of Archives; British Library OPAC. Compiled by Rachel Kemsley as part of the RSLP AIM25 project.

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
Jun 2001

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